74 Case Studies – Heritage Sites
throughout Europe and North Africa

According to the description of work buildings of outstanding significance are subject to in depth case studies providing knowledge on the state of preservation, the indoor climate conditions and requirements for preventive conservation strategies. Various types of historic buildings from different time periods and located in different climate zones are investigated concerning their behaviour due to weather changes and different utilization. The aim is to improve the assessment of the climatic functions of historic buildings with regard to the vulnerability of the interior works of art.

The case studies should serve to enhance the knowledge about the complex cause-effects between use, indoor and outdoor climate, technological features and preservation state by examinating the most common types of historic assets in different climates. Therefore, they also provide basic data input for the damage assessment to be further used for the analysis and decision support system software.

The data, which refers to future indoor climate projections until 2100, derives from coupling building simulation with climate change scenarios allowing to estimate the climate change impact on movable and immovable cultural heritage.
Eckstedska Estate
Granträsk Chapel
Skokloster Palace
Liepaja Holy Trinity Church
Alte Pinakothek
Abbey Church of Monastery Bronnbach
St. Bartholomae at Königssee
Linderhof Palace
Neuschwanstein Castle
Renatus Chapel
St. Margaretha Church
King´s House on the Schachen
Church of St. Mary
Church of St. John Baptist, Žice Carthusian monastery
Church of St. John the Baptist
Church of St. Nicholas
Karlstejn Castle
Hellbrunn Castle
Landesmuseum Linz
Collegiate Church
Kunsthistorisches Museum
State Castle of Český Krumlov
Schönbrunn Castle
Black Church
Blickling Hall House
Cragside House
Ham House
Knole House
Lanhydrock House
Gaasbeek Castle
Haunting House St. Hubert
Amerongen Castle
Medieval Prison Gate
Protestant Church
Great Church
Keukenhof Castle
Historical Museum
Church of St. Antony
Rector's Palace
Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
Church of St. Barbara
Brežice Castle
Holy Trinity Church
St. George Cathedral
Church of St. Laurent
Historic Palace Cà Granda
St. Prosdocimo Crypt, S. Giustina Monastery
Church of St. Maria Maddalena
Basilica of St. Maria Maggiore
City of Venice
Church of St. George
Church of St. Phanouriosin Valsamonero
Monasterio de Santa María de El Paular
Comillas Pontifical University
Cathedral of Cuenca
Church of the Presentation of the Virgin
Catholicon of the Dominican Monastery of St. Peter
Church of Hagia Triada (St. Trinity)
Dubrovnik Cathedral
Qaitbay Citadel
Rosetta Houses
Church of Saint Andrew Apostle
Traditional Wood Cabin
Church of St. Mary, Beram
Church of Holy Three Kings
Basilica Santa Maria Maggiore dei Frari
Garmo Stave Church
Linnaeus Hammarby Estates
Olavinlinna Castle
Jan Karlsgården Farmhouse
Klints Othem Gotland
Church of St. Bartholomae
Church St. Anne - Wallachian Museum
Choir, S. Giustina Monastery
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Eckstedska Estate

Location: Säffle, Sweden
Climate Zone: Zone I
Building Category: residential
Responsible Partner: Haftcourt Ltd., UK/Sweden

© Haftcourt/Monika Fjaestad
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Granträsk Chapel

Location: Västerbotten, Sweden
Climate Zone: Zone I
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Gotland University / Baltic Sea Region Network on Indoor Climate in Churches

© Gotland University / Baltic Sea Region Network on Indoor Climate in Churches

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Skokloster Palace

Location: Stockholm, Sweden
Climate Zone: Zone I
Building Category: castle
Responsible Partner: Haftcourt Ltd., UK/Sweden

© Haftcourt Ltd., UK/Sweden
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Liepaja Holy Trinity Church

Location: Liepaja, Latvia
Climate Zone: Zone I
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Andreas Weiß, Freelance conservator/restorer

© Andreas Weiß
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Alte Pinakothek

Location: Munich, Germany
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: museum
Responsible Partner: Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen – Doerner Institut, Germany

© Doerner Institut
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Abbey Church of Monastery Bronnbach

Location: Bronnbach, Germany
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics, Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research

© Kloster Bronnbach
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St. Bartholomae at Königssee

Location: Schönau, Germany
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Bayerische Verwaltung der staatlichen Schlösser, Gärten und Seen, Germany

© Bayerische Schlösserverwaltung
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Linderhof Palace

Location: Linderhof, Germany
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: museum
Responsible Partner: Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics

© Bayerische Schlösserverwaltung, Pressestelle
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Neuschwanstein Castle

Location: Hohenschwangau, Germany
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: castle
Responsible Partner: Bayerische Verwaltung der staatlichen Schlösser, Gärten und Seen, Germany

© Bayerische Schlösserverwaltung / Anton J. Brandl
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Renatus Chapel

Location: Lustheim/Munich, Germany
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics

© Ralf Kilian
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St. Margaretha Church

Location: Roggersdorf, Germany
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics

© Fraunhofer IBP
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King´s House on the Schachen

Location: Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: museum
Responsible Partner: Bayerische Verwaltung der staatlichen Schlösser, Gärten und Seen, Germany und Fraunhofer

© Bayerische Schlösserverwaltung
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Church of St. Mary

Location: Poseritz, Germany
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Andreas Weiß, Freelance conservator‐restorer

© Andreas Weiß
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Church of St. John Baptist, Žice Carthusian monastery

Location: Žice, Slovenia
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering, Slovenia

© V. Bosiljkov, UL FGG
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Church of St. John the Baptist

Location: Dolni Chabry, Czech Republic
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: church
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Church of St. Nicholas

Location: Potvorov, Czech Republic
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Czech Republic

© CVUT
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Karlstejn Castle

(Great Tower with Holy Cross Chapel and Marian's Tower)
Location: Prague, Czech Republic
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: castle
Responsible Partner: Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Czech Republic

© CVUT
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Hellbrunn Castle

Location: Hellbrunn, Austria
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: castle
Responsible Partner: TB Käferhaus GmbH, Consulting engineers for the preservation of cultural heritage, Austria

© Jochen Käferhaus
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Landesmuseum Linz

Location: Linz, Austria
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: museum
Responsible Partner: TB Käferhaus GmbH, Consulting engineers for the preservation of cultural heritage, Austria

© Jochen Käferhaus
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Collegiate Church

Location: Salzburg, Austria
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: TB Käferhaus GmbH, Consulting engineers for the preservation of cultural heritage, Austria

© Jochen Käferhaus
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Kunsthistorisches Museum

Location: Vienna, Austria
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: museum
Responsible Partner: TB Käferhaus GmbH, Consulting engineers for the preservation of cultural heritage, Austria

© Jochen Käferhaus
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State Castle of Český Krumlov

(Baroque Theater and Renaissance House)
Location: Ceský Krumlov, Czech Republic
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: castle
Responsible Partner: Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Czech Republic

© CVUT
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Schönbrunn Castle

Location: Vienna, Austria
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: castle
Responsible Partner: TB Käferhaus GmbH, Consulting engineers for the preservation of cultural heritage, Austria

© Schloß Schönbrunn Kultur- und Betriebsges.m.b.H. / Fotograf: Alexander Eugen Koller
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Black Church

Location: Brasov, Romania
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Ágnes Bálint, Evangelical Church A.C. of Romania

© Evangelical Church Brașov
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Blickling Hall House

Location: Blickling / Aylsham, UK
Climate Zone: Zone III
Building Category: residential
Responsible Partner: National Trust for England, Wales and Northern Ireland, UK

© National Trust
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Cragside House

Location: Rothbury / Morpeth, UK
Climate Zone: Zone III
Building Category: residential
Responsible Partner: National Trust for England, Wales and Northern Ireland, UK

© National Trust
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Ham House

Location: Ham / Richmond-upon-Thames, UK
Climate Zone: Zone III
Building Category: residential
Responsible Partner: National Trust for England, Wales and Northern Ireland, UK

© National Trust
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Knole House

Location: Sevenoaks, UK
Climate Zone: Zone III
Building Category: residential
Responsible Partner: National Trust for England, Wales and Northern Ireland, UK

© National Trust
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Lanhydrock House

Location: Bodmin, UK
Climate Zone: Zone III
Building Category: residential
Responsible Partner: National Trust for England, Wales and Northern Ireland, UK

© National Trust
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Gaasbeek Castle

Location: Lennik, Belgium
Climate Zone: Zone III
Building Category: castle
Responsible Partner: Eindhoven University of Technology, Unit Building Physics and Systems, Netherlands

© TU Eindhoven
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Haunting House St. Hubert

Location: Hoenderloo, Netherlands
Climate Zone: Zone III
Building Category: residential
Responsible Partner: Eindhoven University of Technology, Unit Building Physics and Systems, Netherlands

© TU Eindhoven
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Amerongen Castle

Location: Amerongen, Netherlands
Climate Zone: Zone III
Building Category: castle
Responsible Partner: Eindhoven University of Technology, Unit Building Physics and Systems, Netherlands

© TU Eindhoven
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Medieval Prison Gate

Location: The Hague, Netherlands
Climate Zone: Zone III
Building Category: museum
Responsible Partner: Eindhoven University of Technology, Unit Building Physics and Systems, Netherlands

© TU Eindhoven
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Protestant Church

Location: Bergeijk, Netherlands
Climate Zone: Zone III
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Eindhoven University of Technology, Unit Building Physics and Systems, Netherlands

© TU Eindhoven
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Great Church

Location: Breda, Netherlands
Climate Zone: Zone III
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Eindhoven University of Technology, Unit Building Physics and Systems, Netherlands

© TU Eindhoven
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Keukenhof Castle

Location: Keukenhof, Netherlands
Climate Zone: Zone III
Building Category: castle
Responsible Partner: Eindhoven University of Technology, Unit Building Physics and Systems, Netherlands

© TU Eindhoven
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Historical Museum

Location: The Hague, Netherlands
Climate Zone: Zone III
Building Category: museum
Responsible Partner: Eindhoven University of Technology, Unit Building Physics and Systems, Netherlands

© TU Eindhoven
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Church of St. Antony

Location: Drniš, Croatia
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: University of Zagreb, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Croatia

© Domagoj Damjanovic

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Rector's Palace

Location: Dubrovnik, Croatia
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: palace
Responsible Partner: University of Zagreb, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Croatia

© University of Zagreb, Faculty of Civil Engineering

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Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Jesus

Location: Zagreb, Croatia
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: University of Zagreb, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Croatia

© Ana Skender

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Church of St. Barbara

Location: Velika Mlaka, near Zagreb, Croatia
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: University of Zagreb, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Croatia

© Domagoj Damjanovic

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Brežice Castle

Location: Brežice, Slovenia
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: castle
Responsible Partner: Gradbeni Institut ZRMK, Centre for Indoor Environment, Building Physics and Energy, Slovenia

© Mihael Mirtiè
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Holy Trinity Church

Location: Hrastovlje, Slovenia
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering, Slovenia and Gradbeni Institut ZRMK, Centre for Indoor Environment, Building Physics and Energy, Slovenia

© Mihael Mirtiè
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St. George Cathedral

Location: Piran, Slovenia
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Gradbeni Institut ZRMK, Centre for Indoor Environment, Building Physics and Energy, Slovenia

© Mihael Mirtič
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Church of St. Laurent

Location: Bodešče, Slovenia
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Gradbeni Institut ZRMK, Centre for Indoor Environment, Building Physics and Energy, Slovenia

© Mihael Mirtič
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Historic Palace Cà Granda

Location: Milan, Italy
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: palace
Responsible Partner: Italian National Research Council/Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

© Dario Camuffo
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St. Prosdocimo Crypt, S. Giustina Monastery

Location: Padua, Italy
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: monastery
Responsible Partner: Italian National Research Council / Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

© Dario Camuffo

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Church of St. Maria Maddalena

Location: Rocca Pietore, Italy

Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Italian National Research Council / Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

© Dario Camuffo

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Basilica of St. Maria Maggiore

Location: Rome, Italy
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Italian National Research Council/Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

© Wikipedia, GNU free documentation license
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City of Venice

Location: Venice, Italy
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: outstanding
Responsible Partner: Italian National Research Council/Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

© Wikipedia, GNU free documentation license
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Chruch of St. George

Location: Kritsa/Crete, Greece
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Foundation for Research and Technology, Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Holography Lab

© Foundation for Research and Technology, 13th Ephorate of Byzantine Antiquities
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Church of St. Phanouriosin Valsamonero

Location: Vorizia/Crete, Greece
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas

© Foundation for Research and Technology, 13th Ephorate of Byzantine Antiquities
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Monasterio de Santa María de El Paular

Location: Rascafría / Madrid, Spain
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: monastery
Responsible Partner: Acciona, S.A, Spain

© Acciona, S.A
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Comillas Pontifical University

Location: Madrid, Spain
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: palace
Responsible Partner: Acciona, Spain

© Acciona
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Cathedral of Cuenca

Location: Cuenca, Spain
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Acciona, Spain

© Acciona
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Church of the Presentation of the Virgin

Location: Sklaverochori, Greece
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas

© Foundation for Research and Technology, 13th Ephorate of Byzantine Antiquities
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Catholicon of the Dominican Monastery of St. Peter

Location: Heraklion, Greece
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: monastery
Responsible Partner: Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas

© Foundation for Research and Technology, 13th Ephorate of Byzantine Antiquities
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Church of Hagia Triada (St. Trinity)

Location: Ano Archanes, Greece
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas

© Foundation for Research and Technology, 13th Ephorate of Byzantine Antiquities
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Dubrovnik Cathedral

Location: Dubrovnik, Coratia
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: University of Zagreb, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Croatia

© Mario Dorsner

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Qaitbay Citadel

Location: Alexandria, Egypt
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: outstanding
Responsible Partner: Center for Documentation of Cultural & Natural Heritage, Egypt

© Center for Documentation of Cultural & Natural Heritage, Egypt

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Rosetta Houses

Location: Rosetta, Egypt
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: residential
Responsible Partner: Center for Documentation of Cultural & Natural Heritage, Egypt

© Center for Documentation of Cultural & Natural Heritage, Egypt

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Church of Saint Andrew Apostle

Location: Chioggia, Italy
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Italian National Research Council / Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

© Dario Camuffo

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Traditional Wood Cabin

Location: National park Plitvice Lakes (Lika-Senj region), Croatia
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: outstanding
Responsible Partner: University of Zagreb, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Croatia

© K. Petric

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Church of St. Mary, Beram

Location: Beram, Croatia
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: University of Zagreb, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Croatia

© Domagoj Damjanovic

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Church of Holy Three Kings

Location: Pohorje region, Slovenia
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering, Slovenia and Gradbeni Institut ZRMK, Centre for Indoor Environment, Building Physics and Energy, Slovenia

© P. Štukovnik, UL FGG
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Basilica Santa Maria Maggiore dei Frari

Location: Venice, Italy
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Italian National Research Council / Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

© Wikipedia, GNU free documentation license

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Garmo Stave Church

Location: Maihaugen, Norway
Climate Zone: Zone I
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Haftcourt Ltd., UK/Sweden

© Haftcourt Ltd., UK/Sweden

 

 

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Linnaeus Hammarby Estates

Location: Uppsala, Sweden
Climate Zone: Zone I
Building Category: residential
Responsible Partner: Haftcourt Ltd., UK/Sweden

© Haftcourt Ltd., UK/Sweden
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Olavinlinna Castle

Location: Savonlinna, Finland
Climate Zone: Zone I
Building Category: castle
Responsible Partner: Gotland University / Baltic Sea Region Network on Indoor Climate in Churches

© Gotland University / Baltic Sea Region Network on Indoor Climate in Churches
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Jan Karlsgården Farmhouse

Location: Kastelholm / Åland, Finland
Climate Zone: Zone I
Building Category: museum
Responsible Partner: Haftcourt Ltd., UK/Sweden

© Haftcourt Ltd., UK/Sweden
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Klints Othem Gotland

Location: Othem Kyrka, Sweden
Climate Zone: Zone I
Building Category: castle
Responsible Partner: Gotland University / Baltic Sea Region Network on Indoor Climate in Churches

© Haftcourt Ltd., UK/Sweden
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Church of St. Bartholomae

Location: Koèí, Czech Republic
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Czech Republic

© CVUT
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Church St. Anne - Wallachian Museum

Location: Vetrkovice, Czech Republic
Climate Zone: Zone II
Building Category: church
Responsible Partner: Kybertec, Czech Republic

© Kybertec
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Choir, S. Giustina Monastery

Location: Padua, Italy
Climate Zone: Zone IV
Building Category: monastery
Responsible Partner: Italian National Research Council / Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

© Dario Camuffo

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